Turkish archaeologists have unearthed a 4.000-year-old textile mill in Western Turkey. The finding contains parts of a loom and tools for creating textiles. What’s more, there are also accessories dating back four millennia in western Turkey. It is now a matter of curiosity whether this groundbreaking discovery rewrites history.
“Last year we made some exciting findings related to early textile production. During this year’s excavations, we unearthed the remaining parts of the house,” Eşref Abay, head of the excavation team, said.
The Importance of the 4,000-year-old Textile Mill
The team will continue with excavations and restoration work at the Beycesultan Mound. The mount, in the meantime, is in the western Denizli province.
“As part of our efforts, we discovered a mill dating back 4,000 years. There are also parts of a handloom,” Abay said. He said that they think ancient people built Beycesultan in 5000 B.C. Hence, they have found 40 consecutive cultural layers from the Late Bronze Age.
Over the last 12 years, excavations of one of the largest settlements in western Anatolia have unearthed enlightening information on the textile history of the region. Abay recalled that previously they found loom parts. Furthermore, they also found textile materials estimated to be 3,600 years old in the region.
“We found a structure here dating back to 1700 B.C. We think that it belonged to a wealthy family due to its size and rich equipment.”
Spectacular Extents of the Loom
“Findings that are thought to have been imported from the surrounding regions were found inside this house, which has very large storage rooms,” he said. He, then, added that a 45-square-meter (484-square-foot) central room used as a workshop. Besides all, people back then used five other rooms for different purposes, of which they also discovered at the site.
He pointed out that people then used thousands of loom weights in textile production. They also used seashells in decoration. Most importantly, archaeologists discovered burnt textile pieces to date, as well. He said that a giant blaze once engulfed the building. But fortunately, some parts of the building survived the disaster.
Excavations Will Continue
As the head of the excavation team, Eşref Abay stated that excavations would continue on other houses identified in the layer. He said these discoveries and the discovery of the 4.000-year-old textile mill, in particular, proved that Beycesultan was a major textile producer. And moreover, this extended the history of textiles in Denizli to a wider period of time.
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Resource: Daily Sabah